Western philosophy has traced along its objectivism metaphysics as the main line. The evolution from metaphysical ontology to metaphysical subject has never been inseparable from the imprisonment of transcendental rationality. Meanwhile, the long historical development of linguistic philosophy has witnessed the transfers to different proposals of "human-oriented" philosophy. Traditional philosophy in ancient Greek seeks the metaphysical ontology, during which the view of language-as-a-tool comes into being. In modern philosophy, the metaphysical subject originated from Descartes has evolved into Kant's active transcendental self and Hegel's absolute self, and the philosophical foundation of their rationalism and transcendentalism has led to the vigorous development of transcendental language logic in modern and contemporary linguistic philosophy. It is not until the emergence of linguistic "embodied cognition" does the academia realize the nature between language and cognition, and since then their mutual interaction has been re-examined.
Liu Tanxiao;Jiao Cheng. The Evolution of Linguistic Philosophy from Transcendental Rationality to Embodied Cognition:Comments on "Human-Oriented" Philosophy[J]. Journal of Changsha University of Science & Technology Social Science,2023,38(4):137-144.