在有关时间哲学的讨论中,涨块论被认为是介于现在主义和永恒主义之间重要的第三方立场。然 而,涨块论也引发了不少争论,其中最为关键的是对“现在问题”的认知反驳。过去对于该反驳最符合常识的辩护策略是死去涨块论,但这个策略使得涨块论陷入了更糟糕的境地。对此,涨块论者可以选择“咬紧牙关”策略来作出新的回应,主要理由在于保持自身理论特色对涨块论而言更为重要,并且在一定程度上可以将 “现在问题”的代价最小化,使其并不构成对涨块论的致命反驳。此外,在实际生活中“现在”一词是索引式的,我们并不能直接感知客观现在。
In discussing about philosophy of time, the growing block theory has been considered as an important third-party position between presentism and eternalism. However, the growing block theory has also arisen some debates, the most crucial of which is the epistemic objection on "present problem". In the past, the most commonsensible argument strategy corresponding to cognitive refutation is the growing block theory, which has pushed the growing block theory into a much worse position. For the growing block theorists, a new response to their theory is the strategy of bullet-biting, and the main reason is that it is more important for the growing block theory to maintain its own theoretical identity and to minimize the cost of the "now-now problem" to some extent, so that it does not constitute a fatal rebuttal to the theory itself. Moreover, in practice the term "now" is a kind of indexical terms and the objective present can not be directly perceived.
Wang Shuqing ;Lv Qiao. The Epistemic Objection to the Growing Block Theory and Its Response[J]. Journal of Changsha University of Science & Technology Social Science,2023,38(5):32-41.